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About Linyi

Linyi (Simplified Chinese: 临沂; Traditional Chinese: 臨沂; Pinyin: Línyí) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The largest prefecture-level city in Shandong, Linyi borders Rizhao to the east, Weifang to the northeast, Zibo to the north, Tai'an to the northwest, Jining to the west, Zaozhuang to the southwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the south.


The prefecture-level city of Linyi administers 12 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 9 counties.

These are further divided into 181 township-level divisions.


Linyi is about 2400 years old. In the 1970s Sun Tzu's Art of War was unearthed here.

In the spring of 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the scene of fierce fighting between Chinese and Japanese troops. The Chinese, encouraged by the success of their military in the nearby Battle of Tai'erzhuang, defended Linyi fiercely, but Japanese soldiers breached the walls on April 19, 1938. The defenders withdrew the next day to another contested area 30 miles away.

After the People's Republic of China was founded in October 1949, the administrative division was adjusted.

Geography and climate

Linyi enjoys a temperate climate and high precipitation. The lie of the land varies, with mountains, hills, and plains accounting for approximately equal parts of the total area. The entire jurisdiction covers 17,184 km2 and the total population is close to 10 million, making this the largest administrative division in the province in both geographic and demographic terms.


Linyi's economy is based around its wholesale markets 1. The Linyi Wholesale City is ranked 3rd in its category in China with an annual trade volume of 40 billion RMB (~US$5 billion). The Linyi prefecture has developed more than 1,500 specialized villages, over 80 specialized towns and nearly 800 industrialized agricultural enterprises.

In 2002 the prefecture's GDP was 71 billion RMB (~US$16 billion) comprising 12 billion RMB from primary industry, 34 billion RMB from secondary industry and 25 billion RMB from tertiary industry. Main industrial products are: textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, electronics, chemicals, building materials, coal, medicines, gold and porcelain.

In 2003 there were 77 enterprises with a pre-tax profit above 10 million RMB (US$1.25 million) and 7 enterprises with a pre-tax profit above 100 million RMB (US$12.5 million).

Machinery is exported to Europe, the Americas and south-east Asia. Linyi prefecture has an annual capacity of 3 million tons of compound fertilizers.

Notable people

Wang Xizhi (303 - 361), Eastern Jin Dynasty calligrapher

Cultural Attractions

Linyi's focal point is the People's Square (Renmin Guangchong). It was built in the early 1990's on the site of an old army barracks. It is about 500 metres east-west, and about 300 metres north-south. Underneath it is a shopping centre and entertainment facilities.

Just north of the city centre is a park dedicated to Wang Xizhi. For a small entrance fee tourists can enjoy a pleasant walk and try Chinese calligraphy.

Near the centre of Linyi city is a museum which houses some original bamboo stips from the Sun Tzu era.

External links
Government website of Linyi (available in Chinese and English)


Useful Links


Línyí Shì
Linyi is highlighted on this map
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
City Seat Lanshan District
(35°3′N, 118°19′E)
Area 17,251 km2
Population 10,080,000 (2003)
- Total
- Per Capita
101.2 billion
Major Nationalities Han - 99.67%
County-level divisions 12
Township-level divisions 181
CPC Committee Secretary
Mayor Lian Chengmin (连承敏)
Area code 539
Postal Code 276000
(Lanshan District)
(Other areas)
License Plate Prefix 鲁Q
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